Personal QuestionsTrek QuestionsSite PoliciesTechnical IssuesCopyrightContentComplaintsCanon


Personal Questions

Q: What is your location and profession?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 I lead a team of integrated circuit design engineers in Siegen, Germany.

Q: What is your motivation to create this website?
A: A question that deserves a detailed answer. Readthe Introduction to EAS.

TNG cast
Q: What is your favorite series, episode, character, starship?
A: My favorite series in TNG, but I love all classic Star Trek (TOS, TNG, DS9, VOY, ENT). There are several fantastic episodes I could watch all day, such as TNG: "Parallels", DS9: "The Way of the Warrior", or VOY: "Distant Origin". My current favorite is VOY: "Year of Hell". I was always fascinated by Spock, I admire Picard, but the most intriguing character is probably Worf. I also like Seven of Nine very much, because of her unique qualities as an individual. :-D My favorite Federation starship is the Galaxy class, my favorite alien ship the original Klingon Bird-of-Prey.

Q: Can I contact you via chat or messenger service?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Sorry, no real-time communication. You can contact me by e-mail or in social networks.

Q: Are you on Twitter, Facebook or other social networks?
A: Unlike a blog or forum, EAS consists of static HTML and can't beintegrated with social networks. I basically have to *retype* everything I have already posted at EAS! I have finally managed to get my manuallycreated RSS feed2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 into and though. Well, it works most of the time. Frankly, I try to bring EAS to social networks because many people expect that from a website owner today, not because it's so much fun.

Q: Will you join my RPG, social network or fan club?
A: Sorry, no.

Q: Isn't this long-winded FAQ conceited? You may want to tone it down.
A: Anticipating questions is what an FAQ isuseful for, and I am actually asked questions like these. You don't have to readthe FAQ if you don't want to, but you may save me a lot of trouble if you do.Very few owners of personal sites, who need to work for a living too, take time for answering requeststhe way I do. In my experience most webmastersdon't reply to e-mails at all! I will answer every single request, even if the question istrivial or isalready covered in this FAQ.


Trek Questions

Q: What is the difference between "Trekkie" and"Trekker"?
A: It would be better if there weren't one. In theearly 70s "Trekkies" became a commonly known name for Star Trek fans. But itlater earned a humiliating undertone, alsobecause of the similarity of "Trekkie" with "junkie" or"groupie". Whenever someone who does not like Star Trek talks aboutthe fans, "trekkie" (in this case usually written with a small"t") stands for the "Comic Book Guy" type -overweight men who are also computernerds and have lost their grasp of reality. Therefore fans that don't liketo be "Trekkies" any more refer to themselves as "Trekkers". But I don't mind if you callyourself or me a "Trekkie".

Q: Where can I download full episodes?
A: Since this may not be legal, I couldn't tell you even if I knew a downloadlocation.

Enterprise-A model (AMT)
Q: Where can I buy discontinued Star Trek model kits?
A: The only good chance of finding the old AMT/Ertl and Revell/Monogram kits is on conventions or on auction sites, but be warned that kits may cost twice the former shop prices or more, and I'm not even talking of the rare models. The goodnews is that there more recent Star Trek kits, from much better new moulds by Bandai and by Polar Lights, not to forget the Eaglemoss Official Starships Collection.

Q: Can you tell me who did what in which episode and why?
A: Dammit, Jim, I'm a Trekker, not an encyclopedia. There are fabulous searchengines to start with. And speaking of an Encyclopedia2020欧洲杯晋级队伍, this is theone book you ought to buy if you are full of questions about Star Trek. Inaddition, there is , thebiggest Trek database to exist.

Q: Can you tell me where to findinformation about conventions in Central Wyoming, what are the specs of thePremonition class from Armada or where to buy Vulcan ears?
A: No idea. There are limits to what I can and what I like to find out for you.

Q: Do Starfleet Marines exist?
A: Why is half of the Trek fandom *obsessed* with Starfleet Marines?Canonically, there is no such thing as Starfleet Marines, at least not at thetime of TNG. Oh well, there isColonel West in "Star Trek VI" and there are ground troops withdifferent uniform colors in DS9: "Nor the Battle to the Strong" and"The Siege of AR-558". Based on this evidence it would be far-fetched to conclude that the ground troopsmust be called "Marines". Why not "Federation Army" orsimply "Starfleet Ground Troops"? Moreover Starfleet, as statedseveral times especially in TNG, is not intended to be a primarily militaryorganization anyway. I don't like if fans in RPGs narrow Trek down to its military aspects.Since few other countries besides the USAhave Marines, it is also Americentric. Anyone is free to include Marines inhis ownfiction, but don't insist on them being canon. Finally, the fact that severalMACOs (not "Marines") board Enterprise in "The Expanse" doesn't change my opinion.On the contrary, Archer too says that Starfleet is not supposed to be primarilymilitary. More about False Canon.

Q: Can you help me? I need to prove that an Imperial Star Destroyerwouldn't stand a chance against a Starfleet Sovereign class.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 No way! Never bother me with such childish requests. The two sciencefiction universes were designed to remain strictly separate. While it is alreadyhard to apply the rules of real-world physics to either of them, the two piecesof fiction areabsolutely irreconcilable with each other. You are free to create cross-overfan fiction, but don't expect it to make any sense, much less expect to find any "proof" why your ship should be superior to one of a differentuniverse. And aside from that, I loathe the fanboyish bias of most cross-over fictionthat seems to fulfill the only purpose to disparage the other sci-fi universe. You willreceive no support whatsoever from me in such an attempt.

Q: What is your opinion onslash fiction?
A: To me Star Trek is only enjoyable and meaningful as long as it remains truthful to itsfoundations (see my above answer pertaining to "vs." discussions). I understand and support the desire toget gay characters on the show2020欧洲杯晋级队伍. It is only fair after decades in which the existence ofhomosexuality was ignored in canon Star Trek. But fabricating a gay relationship of Kirk and Spock("K/S") or other established crew members in fan fiction is utterly out of character. And the attempts to find "proof" for homosexualityor a romantic relationship in random gestures in canon Star Trek are amusing atbest. I mean no offense to fans who enjoy reading and writing slash fiction, as long as theyunderstand it as a light-hearted thought experiment and not as a"truth". I have personally chosen not to care for this subculture, whichdistracts from the real issues of Star Trek and whose significance is vastly overrated as Ibelieve.

"Star Trek (2009)" cast
Q: What do you thinkabout the latest feature films?
A: I enjoyed "Star Trek (2009)" as a science fiction movie well above average. It was the most exciting and overall most visually compelling Trek movie in a long time. It profits from great performances by most of the actors, and from the work ofJ.J. Abrams, who knows like few other directors how to bring a story to the big screen. But the story is the movie's principal weak point. It suffersfrom just too many unlikely coincidences and other huge plot holes. Most importantly the character relationships that are quickly forged justdon't work out. The movie is set in a parallel timeline, which shows a lack of continuity with the established Trek where we wouldexpect it (design & technology), while there is continuity where it shouldn't exist (characters). The movie is too obviouslydesigned to get seven characters and a ship named Enterprise together no matter when and how, whilethe intellectual standards that used to define Trek are deemedexpendable. Finally, the spectacular yet shocking events in the movie are not likely to get me interested in seeing more stories set in this desolateuniverse. As a prequel to the Trek I love the movie failed. "Star Trek (2009)" compares to the old Trek like a one-nightstand to a decade-long relationship.

Regarding "Star Trek Into Darkness", Harrison's true identity is justa gratuitous reference; it has no impact whatsoever and doesn't even make muchsense in the story. But there is an even worse rip-off towards the end of themovie, one that turns the scene and perhaps ultimately the whole movie into aparody. Abrams has given himself carte blanche to create a Trek universe it itsown right, but all he does is recycling characters, stories and plot devices.And he tries to compete with superhero movies, rather than telling great sciencefiction stories. STID is an enjoyable summer blockbuster with lots of greataction, but a lousy Star Trek movie, as even casual fans have told me.

2020欧洲杯晋级队伍"Star Trek Beyond" is perhaps the most pleasant watching among the three movies. It manages to recapture some of the old spirit that was missing in the Abramsverse so far. The characters and their interactions work much better for me than in the previous two movies. On the downside, the story is nothing more than generic science fiction action and not visionary at all. What's worse, the movie's villain is the arguably weakest of all Star Trek movies so far. There is no bigger picture in the movie. There is no ethical debate. And no relevance of the story for our time.

Read my reviews and see the Abramsverse FAQ.

Q: What do you thinkabout Star Trek Discovery?
A: Discovery is an exciting series that introduces new kinds of characters and new ways of storytelling to Star Trek. But the whole production is let down by disastrous creative decisions, most notably by Klingons that don't look like Klingons at all2020欧洲杯晋级队伍. It is extremely hard to suspend disbelief and accept Discovery as just another iteration of Star Trek in light of its totally different look and historical facts. All this could have been avoided by simply setting the series in the 25th century and redefining the Klingons to some other race, instead of trying hard to shoehorn a whole new universe into the established history of the 23rd century. Also, Discovery pretends to preserve the spirit of Star Trek, but is devoid of exploration and full of war and intrigue. Every second character is a mole, a traitor or a maniac. Every statement that Starfleet stands for peaceful exploration is mere lip service and ultimately hypocritical. Finally, most characters, with their haphazard behavior and their vaguely defined relationships, are neither relatable nor likable.

Read my reviewsand see the Star Trek Discovery FAQ.

Q: What do you think about Star Trek Picard?
A: The first season of the show suffers from the slowness of its first couple of episodes, from continued mystery mongering, from stereotypical villains, from the obsession to blow up planets and kill innocent people and from the idea of the Federation as a dystopia. But Star Trek Picard demonstrates that new Star Trek may be recognizable as Star Trek in more than only the name and may be meaningful, quite unlike a certain other series.

Read my reviews of Star Trek Picard.


Site Policies

Starfleet Academy emblem
(redrawn by Brad Wilder)
Q: What does "Ex Astris Scientia" mean?
A: It is the Latin motto of Starfleet Academy, meaning "From the stars knowledge". The ancient Romans usually did not use verbs in inscriptions, so it would be better supplemented to "Knowledge comes from the stars". If you miss the comma of "Ex Astris, Scientia" as in the official Academy badge, this is one more thing the Romans would have omitted. I have chosen this motto to express the relation between the fiction in Star Trek and real science. You may have noticed that my site logo (upper left corner of this page) is not only reminiscent of a communicator badge, but also represents the title, since the knowledge (Starfleet arrowhead) emerges from a star.

Q: Where did the creators of Trek get the idea for this motto in thefirst place?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 There are two theories. "Ex Astris Scientia" might be inspired by the motto of Apollo 13, "Ex Luna, Scientia" - an obvious choice. Another possibility is that it wasderived from "Ex Scientia Tridens" ("from knowledge sea power"), whichhappens to be the motto of the US Naval Academy - another clear parallel.

Q: How do you pronounce this, "Ex Astris Scientia"?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 "Ex Us-treesSee-en-tsee-ah" or, if you prefer apronunciation even closer to the classical Latin, "Ex Us-trees Skee-en-tee-ah".

Q: How big is EAS and how many visitors do you have?
A: Here are the SiteStatistics.

Q: How many people are in the team that maintains EAS?
A: EAS wascreated by yours truly in well over 15,000 hours by now - the timewatching episodes, hanging around in discussion forums and answering e-mails not even included.However, itwouldn't have been possible without the assistance of countless individuals who have madeavailable images, information and encouragement and who receive their due credit on theAcknowledgements page.

The research and preparation for many articles was done by Jörg Hillebrand. The Starfleet Museum, as a distinct sub-site, was created by MasaoOkazaki, the ASDB is the work of a group of individuals listed on the project's AboutUs page, and the works in the Fan Fiction sectionwere penned by various people that are far more capable writers than I would be.

Q: I know a lot about Trek and I'm experienced in web design too. Howcan I join the EAS team?
A: There is no way of "joining" EAS. This is because thestatic site concept is totally unsuited for collaborative efforts, and there isno way of changing that. Another reason isthat I want to be free in the decision what to tend to with priority. I am horrified bythe idea of working under permanent deadline pressure in my leisure time, butexactly that would be absolutely inevitable to get anything done in a group. I don't expect that from my contributors either. Moreover, you can call meconceited, but I am fond of exerting total control over one of the world's most influential Star Trekwebsites. You can help me as a contributor, you canpoint out problems or recommend improvements. More on the topic of contributions can be found in the FAQ section on Content.

Q: I am sure my site fulfills the criteria. Why don't I get youraward?
A: The EAE Award is not an awardpresented on the basis "give me your award and you get mine". I don't need it to increase traffic to this site. Please don't bedisappointed if you're not the winner, and please don't apply repeatedly - itwon't boost your chances.

Q: Do you give me permission to put up a link to EAS?
A: Of course! However, pleaseacknowledge that I usually can't return the favor, as this would mean linking tothousands of sites that have links to EAS.You may want to add a link to your site yourself using my Add-a-Linkfeature.

Q: Come on! Why don't you exchange links with me?
A: Since EAS is among the top Trek websites in the world, I am glad if I can help promote otherplaces that woulddeserve more attention. But to be honest, 90% of the suggested links are mediocre. I don't want to devalue thededication any webmaster has investedinto his site, but I don't see the point of putting up links to yet another blog that stops updating after a few posts or yet another RPGdesperately looking for a third member. Moreover, in many cases webmasters urged me to show their links at EAS, only to take the site down a few weekslater, so Idoubt it could have been that important to them. This is whyI have discontinued link submissions for my main linkspage, and I only add your banner if I feel like that. If your site is not one of the best of its kind, please save yourself andme the nuisance. You can *immediately* add a link to any site using my Add-a-Linkfeature.

Q: Will you join our advertising program? You might earn a few dollarswith it.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 No way. My website is strictly non-commercial and will always staystrictly non-commercial, although significant expenses are necessary to maintainit. I do not post any links to commercial sites, unless they are useful forobtaining fact and pictures. In particular, I oblige myself never to accept anypayment for posting anything on my site or for giving away its reputation forcommercial purposes. I move any sponsoring offers straight into thetrash can.

Q: Do you acceptdonations from visitors?
A: No. I am able to and I wishto pay for the expenses myself.

Q: Would you announcethe launch of my blog or post news of my community on your index page?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Sorry, no. This is not a news site, and I onlypost EAS-related news. If you have to announce something,please do it in the social media, or head for Trekmovie.com or TrekToday and let theireditors decide whether your scoop is important enough.

Q: I'd like torecommend EAS to other people. Are you going to add Facebook "Like"buttons to your pages, or buttons to vote for you on other social networks?
A: I have added"Share" buttons in the form of simple links on eachEAS page. But I won't include anything such as "Like" buttons or similar widgets. For fourreasons. Firstly, I'm not a politician and I don't solicit you to vote for me.Secondly, it is a bottomless pit because thereare many social networks with button codes that change every few months, and I have better things todo than keeping them up to date. Thirdly, I have obliged myself to keep my siteclean, without parasitic code that I can't control. Fourthly and mostimportantly, I respect your privacy and with my non-commercial site I won't helpcompanies to sniff out your browsing behavior. Well, I make an exception forYouTube, because there is no other way to show videos, and because I deem itless critical.

Q: I run a social media account, forumaccount or blog for your site. I hope you have no problem with me using your oryour site's name. It's for you to save work, and free advertising.
A: I may decide to outsource some social mediaactivities but it has to be in an environment and with standards that I agreewith. You have to ask in advance, and most likely I won't approve of it becauseit would be yet one more thing I'd have to monitor. If you go ahead nonethelessand create the impression that your social media account is affiliated with EASor if you spam forums with posts that look like I made them, I will get veryangry at you and I will insist that you (or an administrator) remove any hint ata possible affiliation.

Q: Do you have anewsletter?
A: You can subscribe to my RSSfeed2020欧洲杯晋级队伍, one option being an e-mail digest.

Q: Why don't you answer my e-mail?
A: I generally reply to every request. If you haven't received a reply, one of the following reasonsmay apply:

  1. You attached a huge file and it didn't make it to me. Please try again with asmaller attachment.
  2. Your e-mail account didn't work properly and my reply bounced off. Please make sure in advancethat my message gets through.
  3. Your e-mail account was configured in some way to recognize either my e-mailaddress or its subject or even every e-mail of unknown origin as spam. Even whenprompted to do so, I will not manually confirm my e-mail address to your spamprotection. You need to take care yourself thatpeople can reply.
  4. Your message contained a worm-like file (e.g. .exe) or a spam-like subject phrase(especially with "adult" and financial language or ALLCAPS), and myfilters have deleted it.
  5. Your e-mail or my reply was lost out there without reason. Please try again.

To tell the truth, I never hear again ofmost people who make a big deal of getting their "urgent" questionsanswered, showing out their starships, using myimages, having a link on my site or who even offer me some sort of partnership.I may reconsider my e-mail policy and simply discard messages that seem irrelevant tome - all those which don't help me improve my website but just cause extra work. So please do me a favor and don't waste mytime, for instance with inquiries that you could find answered at a magicplace called Google. If you contact me, you will notice that I am a kind guy, but Ican't serve the Trek community 26 hours per day.

Q: Why are you sending spam mails from your domain(s)?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Iswear that I have never sent out any spam and I will never do it. Still, you may find "mo23yo.com"(or any other reputable domain name) in the header of a spam mail as their alleged origin.This is because the SMTP protocol basically does not require authentication, and spammers may enter any unsuspicious e-mailaddress in the "From" field. The mail, as the spam victimlikely sees it, pretends that it was sent from my e-mail server at mo23yo.com. In order to recognize thee-mail spoofing it wouldbe necessary to enable the display of the complete e-mail header, which hardlyanyone does. It goes without saying that spamming with spoofed e-mails is utterly criminal and will be punished.I naturally take noresponsibility for spam that pretends to have been sent out by me. There is absolutely no technical possibility for me to put a stop to such criminalactivities except for preventively killing all dumb assholes on this planet.

2020欧洲杯晋级队伍BTW, the amount of spam in my name is enormous. I can tell because every dayaround 100 feigned mails are rejected by spam protection software and"returned" to my server. And this is only the tip of the iceberg!

F: Das ist ja alles ganzschön. Aber warum nur auf englisch?
A: Als ich Ende 1997 mitder Planung meiner Website begann, schien Deutsch die naheliegende Wahl zu sein. Es gab damals nicht besonders viele Websites zum Thema Star Trek und nur ganz wenige davon aufdeutsch, die mehr als nur ein paar Seiten mit Episodenlisten usw. aufwiesen. Auf der anderen Seite kann man nur mit einer englischsprachigen Website internationale Besucheransprechen. Also müßte die Website zweisprachig sein. Dies gestaltet sich jedoch in der Praxis außerordentlichschwierig. Mit dem bloßen einmaligen Übersetzen des Inhalts - was, wenn es wirklich sinngemäß seinsoll, auchschon eine zeitraubende und sehr langweilige Arbeit ist - ist es nämlich nichtgetan. Um eine einheitliche Gestaltung undSynchronisation zu gewährleisten, mu?jedes geringste tägliche Update doppelt durchgeführtwerden. Und um zu wissen, wo man was geändert hat, mu?man entweder beimUpdate ständig zwischen beiden Sprachversionen hin- und herwechseln (nervtötend) oder aber alles haarklein protokollieren(zeitaufwendig). Andernfallswürden beide Versionen nach ein paar Wochen hoffnungslos divergieren, undgerade das ist ja nicht der Sinn der Zweisprachigkeit. Bei sehr vielen und sehr häufigen Änderungen kannich aus meiner Berufspraxis sagen, da?der Aufwand tatsächlichmehr als doppelt so gro?!) wird wie bei einer einsprachigen Website. Und das,ohne tatsächlich mehr Inhalt zu erzeugen. Ich denke, da?ich mich angesichts des anhaltenden internationalen Interesses(unter 10% aus deutschsprachigen Ländern) für die richtige Sprache entschiedenhabe.Von Zeit zu Zeit werde ich trotzdem einzelne Artikel auf deutsch verfassen. Ich wünsche allen deutschsprachigen Besuchern noch einen schönen Aufenthalt und stehe natürlich gern für Diskussionen auch auf deutsch zurVerfügung.


Technical Issues

Q: Your server connection is not secure. You have to get HTTPS.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Although my website is increasingly stigmatized by Chrome and penalized by Google Search for being "not secure", I won't get HTTPS any time soon. Even though the efforts on the server side may be manageable if someone helps me set it up, a certificate would almost double the costs that I already have for hosting, domain names and DNS.

Other than complying with a requirement dictated by big companies such as Google, no one would have any advantage if EAS used HTTPS. The worst thing that could happen without HTTPS is that someone intercepts your e-mail address when you fill out a feedback or a user submission form on the site. There is not a single form that would require you to enter sensitive personal information such as your password, street address or credit card number. All the justified concerns about non-secure transmissions in e-commerce simply don't apply at all to EAS.

Q: I read you had some trouble with web hosting in the past. I may help you out orrecommend a new web host with low charges.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 If you are running a server of your own or have a dedicatedserver, that may be an interesting alternative, and if only as a backup solution.I am looking forward to hearing from you.

If you know a host, then it shouldbe one who gives me a data transfer of at least 200 gigabytes per month, something thatmany hosting plans don't allow or charge high extra fees for. Those web hosts who offer"unlimited" traffic usually have clauses that would allow them tothrottle sites that take away too much of the server's performance. And if theypromise unconditional "unlimited" traffic in spite of everything, theymay resort to semi-criminal methods as Strato2020欧洲杯晋级队伍did when they kicked me off the contract.

Q: Why are some large files hidden in "protecteddirectories"?
A: My server's physical bandwidthis generous but not free, so precaution against download tools and against "visitorinvasions" such as "Slashdotting" is advised. If you really need those big files that areavailable in smaller sizes just as well, please take a few seconds and answerthe simple password question.

Q: What software do you use to edit your web pages?
A: When I created this site in 1998, I didn't want to care about the code and rather focus on the content. I purchased Microsoft Frontpage, a WYSIWYG editor that allowed me to use the full range of styling options that was available at the time without requiring HTML knowledge. I never found a replacement for Frontpage2020欧洲杯晋级队伍, although I would have needed full support for CSS, and converting the whole site to a CMS was totally out of the question. In 2015, I finally decided to abandon Frontpage. Believe it or not, I now maintain this whole big site with Notepad++! I insert tags and links all manually, and I perform more extensive changes with the power of .

EAS mobile view: 640 pixels wide, less would require a totally new site
Q: Why don't you offer a mobile version of the site?
A: EAS is only partially optimized for mobile devices. The mobile viewport is 640 pixels wide, which is a compromise between fitting the content on the screen on one hand and making everything readable on a mobile device on the other hand. It would require a total manual recoding of the whole site, table cell by table cell, and quite possibly a reduction of the content to make the site 100% mobile compatible. I will definitely never do that.

Q: Isn't it time for a complete redesign, with a new color schemethat makes everything better to read?
A: I'll have to wait for the slave prices to drop until I can do that.Seriously, this site was created long before mobile devices or CSS even existed. I have been working over 500 hours on the gradual conversion to CSS since early 2015, and it is not yet finished. For a full redesign, including new colors, typesetting and hundreds of supporting graphics I would need several hundred more hours.

Q: Is this site's accessibility optimized?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Yes and no. Yes, because I consequently avoid the followingmistakes at EAS and all affiliated sites: microscopic font sizes, frames, convolutedcode, JavaScript pseudo-links, links that open new windows, links without conclusive description, CAPTCHAs. No, because there areno descriptive ALT tags. Adding the tags would drastically increase the alreadycolossal effort of manually naming, embedding and linking well over 30,000 images.

Q: I noticed this site still isn't W3C compatible. What are you goingto do about that?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 This site was originally built with quasi-standardHTML as it existed back in 1998, and I already put a lot of effort in the conversion to HTML 4.01 transitional. There is nothing "wrong" about my code. The pages are displayed correctly in the major browsers and on most devices, and I'm constantly working to enhance the compatibility.

Q: Why don't your external links open in a new window or tab?
A: I think every user should decide himself where a link opens. Just use "CTRL+LMB" to make links open in a newbrowser tab.

Q: The color scheme of your site is much too dark, there is hardly acontrast to the black background.
A: Unfortunately I am stuck with the color scheme, because not justthe HTML colors but also several hundred illustrations would have to be reworked.

Q: Should I report dead links or images to you, or other technicalproblems?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Yes please! As perfect as the site may look to me, as flawed itmay appear due to problems with the server configuration or to corrupt files on the server, although theseare rare problems. If a file exists but is messed up or if it is refusing toload completely, it is most likely a server glitch or a temporary problemwith your connection. Please try to reload. You may have to clear yourbrowser cache too. If, however, a file is totally missing even after reloading itmay be a link I forgot to modify or anincomplete upload for which I have to apologize. The reason for the latter is that there aresometimes files withold dates among the updates, and I might overlook them when transferringeverything to theserver via FTP. I hope you bear with me andpoint out these errors to me. You can best help me if you tell me the missingfile name and the URL of the referring page.

Q: I have found a deadlink to www.mo23yo.com/somepage.htm. Hope this helps.
A: Thanks, but to fix it I have to know the referring page, not the link. If thebroken link is on a site other than EAS, then either the webmaster made amistake for which I'm not responsible anyway, or it is an outdated link.

Q: Why don't you tend to the links to other sites? So many of them are broken.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 I check the complete site for broken links every few months. I even try to find useful content again that may have been moved to a new URL and/or a new CMS. Extremely few other webmasters perform regular external link checks the way I do. But external links have a half-life of less than a year. I too hate broken links, but you have to complain to those people who came up with the doctrine that the internet is for news postings only and not for keeping knowledge accessible. At some time I will have to stop posting any outgoing links.

Q: Should I reporttypos or wrong semantics/grammar?
A: No for the first, yes for the latter. I know there are typos onpractically every page. I'm constantly trying to eliminate them myself, which is much easierwith my own tools than based on an e-mail notification. On the other hand, I amgrateful for any correction of semantics or grammar, as English is not my nativelanguage.

Q: What software do you use for your drawings?
A: Micrografx Designer (now owned by Corel). Read my extensiveSoftware Test, which is outdated by nowthough, as Designer is no longer supported and no true replacement is available.

Q: Which Star Trek fonts do you use for your starships?
A: A variety of fonts can be found at StarTrek Minutiae. The ones I use for the TNG ships are called FederationHull (with outline) and Federation Bold (without outline). The perfectly fittingfont for TOS starships is called Airborneby Charles Casimiro. This font looks a lot more crisp than the similar, yet rather amateurish fontsthat have been around for many years.

Intrepid-class bridge
(Star Trek Fact Files)
Q: How did you create those 3D views of the bridges?
A: Actually, I only cleaned them up andreplaced missing parts. I neither created those drawings in the first place, nor do I know for sure which software has been used.I can only say that it was a 2D illustration program. My best guess is Adobe Illustrator, since that is whatmost people working in that business seem to be using.

Q: Could you give me some advice on 3D starship design?
A: No, for the simple reason that I have not the faintest idea of 3Ddesign. Really. All the 3D models on my site are made by artists whose experience andtalent I admire myself. I don't even have a simple program for 3D design. If you're looking foradvice, I can highlyrecommend SciFiMeshes2020欧洲杯晋级队伍. This is the place where the experts gather. Once you are there, youwill find many examples, tutorials and meshes for download.

Q: Could you design a starship for me?
A: No. I'm neither a design service, nor do I have anytime left for it. Creating a small 2D ship from scratch with details takes morethan 20 hours. Atmost I may give you a few hints about using a drawing programand designing starships. Read the tutorial.



Q: Where do you get your texts and images from?
A: I have written almost 100% of the text at EAS myself. Ihave taken a few photos (Reports section, starship models) and drawnsome graphics myself (10%). The other images are taken from various websites (5%), submitted by visitors(5%), scanned from books (20%) or captured from TV (60%).Submissions are accordingly credited. I don't claim the ownership of graphics that were only altered and not originally created by me. If youlike to use some of the scanned images, it would be fair to give me creditthough (see next answer for the conditions) - after all it is plenty of work toscan and clean them up for the web. The entire StarfleetMuseum, including all text and images, is copyright of MasaoOkazaki, unless otherwise noted. The entire content of the is copyright of the . The Journalof Applied Treknology is copyright of the individual designers. The FanFiction is copyright of the individual authors.

Q: Star Trek is owned by CBS/Paramount. You infringe on their copyright.
A: No. All copyrighted material shown at EAS falls under the "fair use" exemption, which may be invoked for fan websites,fan fiction and fan art. More about fan art copyright.

Q: May I use text or images created by you?
A: Yes. I grant you the right to use parts of mymaterial under these terms:

  1. Yourepublish the material in the form of excerpts. I do not approve ofreproductions of entire EAS pages. I do not approve of sites that use my layoutgraphics or otherwise imitate the look of EAS.
  2. You give appropriate credit to EAS including a hyperlink. I willagree to a mention on a global credit page if you use single graphics or textpassages, but I insist on more clearly visible credits in case of more extensiveexcerpts.
  3. For any content that I am showing by courtesy of a third party,you must ask permission from this original source (i.e. from the designer orauthor who is credited at EAS). In particular, this applies to the entire content ofthe SF Museum, JoAT, ASDB, Fan Fiction and Canon Fodder. Note that in some casesof contributed material special terms of use may apply!
  4. I reserve the right to deny or retract my approval if the material appears in an improper context. This may include, but is not restricted to: political propaganda, promotion of illegal activities, disfiguration or distortion of images taken from EAS (no matter if intentionally or accidentally because of bad image editing), misquoting of my views and findings, commercial exploitation of EAS content.

Read also the more comprehensive copyright notice.

Q: May I use text or images created by you in my school project?
A: No objections. And good luck!

Q: May I use some of your starship designs for my fanfiction or RPG?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 No problem if you give me credit (i.e. link tomy site). Yet, I may have objections in case you alter the design orthe specs, so you should check back with me.

Q: May I use text or images from EAS for a commercial project?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Only with my explicit permission.

Q: May I modify images created/scanned by you?
A: Any time, if you adhere to the above conditions. But you are requiredto add a note that you modified the original. As already mentioned, I will not approve of images thatlook like created by me but are aesthetically or technically flawed.

Q: I have found some pictures you might want to post.
A: With a few exceptions (which is whenever I urgently need an imageto illustrate an article) I only post images with the explicit consent of thecopyright owner. I havethousands of images resting on my hard drive which I don't show because I simplycan't tell where they came from. So please don't send me any pictures withoutbeing authorized to distribute them, and never send me pictures of unknownorigin - well, unless it is something exciting and new.

Q: May I ask you to remove from the site the pictures (or the text)that I sent to you?
A: Sorry, no. I never remove anything. I refuse the double work of first preparing your stuff and then removing it.The latter is never effortless, as it usually involves finding and fixing several links and textualreferences and, moreover, justifying to other people why it is gone.You have to consider any permission you grant to EAS as absolutely irrevocable. I will only make an exception in case of acopyright dispute or if I deem it useful too (for instance, if it containedsubstantial errors).

Q: May I ask you to remove my name from all of my submissions? Idon't want to be associated with it any longer.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 What I can do is replace your name with a nickname of your choice.I won't remove the credits altogether.

Q: May I load images directly from your server to display them on mywebsite or as my forum avatar?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 No. You have to save such files to your own server.Hotlinking is only allowed in discussion forums and social media, if thehotlinked image suits the discussion. Hotlinking is enabled on the server, but Ihave created a blacklist for cases of misuse.



Q: On your main index page, can you provide links toeverything you have changed?
A: Even if I don't count in typo correction,I make a dozen small updates every few days (like fixing errors, adding or replacingimages, adding references, hunting dead external links). It is impossible to keep alog of all these changes. Also, I don't want to overburden the main page withloads of puny announcements because then the information about essential new featureswould suffer. This is why the update list focuses on new content and significantchanges of existing stuff.

Q: Would it be a lot of work to tag every single item you have changed with a "new" or "updated" sign?
A: It wouldn't be hard to add a "new" sign to every new picture, but it would be an insaneeffort to remove them after a due time. I would have to spend several hours at least once per month to scan the whole site, just to get ridof the expired "new" or "updated" signs, and verify which ofthem are really expired. This is why "new" or "updated"signs are usually only on the index pages, and even now there are many I forgot to remove.

Q: In your gallery you forgot to include a picture of Worf's brotherNikolai, and in your review of "These Are The Voyages" you didn'tmention Trip's Frankenstein figure. Also, your episode reviews are biased - please stick to the facts.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Your remarks are appreciated, but please note that this websitecomprises different sections with different emphases. I certainly make mistakes, butin the particular examples there is neither an omission nor an inconsistency.There is nothing such as an "incomplete gallery", and unless I made anerror I won't include your suggestions to my reviews. Here are the categories of data at EAS:

Q: Why are your updates coming so slowly? When are you going to continue yourarticle about warp travel? When can we expect the missing episode reviews?
A: I intend to get all these things done some day, but long-termprojects may have to wait indefinitely becauseurgent updates usually eat up my complete spare time. It doesn't help if I have onehour per day when I need months ofresearch for just one big topic like the article on warp propulsion.

Q: How do you decide what you update and when?
A: Generally, what I present is governed by the principle"correctness, originality, completeness" - in descending order. The real life of website maintenance dictates a slightly different set of criteria. Taking into account new findings andmaking amendments to facts, conclusions, layout errors, dead links and typos has the highestpriority. About a dozen of fixes of this kind take place every few days. They arecrucial in my view yet almost unnoticeable and are never announced on the index page. Updates with common projectsand visitor suggestions come next if they can be concluded in a realistic time. This all leaves almost no time for bigger projects.

Q: Will you create databases on species, planets, actors, weapons, medical procedures, holodeck programs, etc.?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 I see some of these suggestions as future options. But note in the previous answer that "completeness" is theleast significant of the criteria. It can't be my goal to post every available image or to create completelists of each and everything ever mentioned. If you are looking for a fairly completedatabase, will muchbetter suit your needs.

Q: Are you going to create a site aboutother science fiction?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 A definite no. Although I like a few other series outside the Star TrekUniverse, I neither know enough of them nor could I take care of them besidesStar Trek. And believe it or not, in spite of my lacking enthusiasm about theAbramsverse and Discovery I haveplans for many years worth of updates.

Q: But what about The Orville?
A: Still a definite no. Even though I prefer it over Discovery, I am not going to review The Orville. EAS is about Star Trek, and everything off-topic would only distract from the goals of my site.

Q: Why is EAS so strongly focused on the TNG era?
A: Actually, this is not a frequently *asked* question but I refer tocomplaints such as "The focus of EAS is on the 24th century." or "EAS has little to offer for TOS fans." that I have repeatedly seen on other websites and message boards. I find such observationsvery odd, and I can only assure you that TOS has absolutely the same weight at EAS as the later series. If you have a contrary impression, it has very likely statistical reasons, as we've got just 3 TOS seasons and 6 movies as opposed to 21(!) seasons and 4 movies set in the 24th century.

Q: I sent you some information/suggestions weeks ago. Why didn't you include them?
A: I am grateful for any assistance in expanding and updating thissite. But unless mistakes need to be corrected or the update takes me just acouple of minutes your suggestions will generally have to wait several weeks oreven months. In many cases I won't be able to takeit into account at all, because it is hard to verify, because it results in an unrealistic quantity ofwork or because I can't find the right place or format for it. Please acknowledge thatI'm not a company. I maintain this site in my spare time and pay for it out ofmy own pocket. Still, it is totally free for everyone. I feel noobligation to fulfill any visitor suggestion brought forth.

And one lastthing:If you don't receive a negative reply from me, it doesn't mean that I willtake care of your suggestions. In many cases additional research is requiredfrom my part before I can include anything, so you will get a response like"I will look into it". This neither implies that I will eventuallydecide in favor of your suggestion, nor that I will ever send a negativenotification if I should discard it.

Q: I have revised afew things in my article / in a couple of my graphics that are already on yoursite. Would it be a lot of trouble for you updating them?
A: It is a hell of a lot morework than most people can even remotely imagine. Any text and most images have to be heavily edited tomake them HMTL-ready (and, in many cases, remove typos). If you spend a couple of minutes to change a few words of a text or a fewlines of a drawing, I may need an hour to find what exactly you did and update justthe changed portions - quite possibly as long as I needed the first time I prepared it. I may have to reconstruct images almost from scratch orre-encode whole portions of an HTML page if the extent of the changes is not obvious. So please onlysend updates if they are substantial or necessary because of errors. If you send an update, you have to indicate your changes (such as with a different text color).

Q: I created some newcontent for your site, saving it as HTML in Word for Windows for yourconvenience.
A: Sending me HTML filescreated with Word is the worst thing you can do. I'm not joking! Word creates anabsolutely atrocious HTML code, with proprietary pseudo-CSS that is usually more extensive than the content. It requires 20 to 30 regex search & replace passes to turn this mess into reasonable HTML. If you use Word, please send me files in the good old .doc (rather than .docx) format.

Q: Why don't you have anything about the Bonecracker Heavy Attack Cruiser and theStarfleet Special Strike Force in your databases and articles?
A: No way. My site takes into account canon information only. Nonovels. No games. No RPG stuff. All non-canon stuff made by me and other fans (starship designs, fanfiction) is strictly separated from canon facts on my site. I strongly recommendreading theparagraph on Canon2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 further down this page (although I made up the particular examples in thequestion in order not to offend anyone).

Q: I looked through your ship database, but Riker's USS Titan NCC-80102of the Luna class ismissing.
A: It's not there because the design is non-canon.

Q: I can point you to detailed fan-made schematics of the Enterprise-J foryour database.
A: Thanks, but I won't show them because we could see too little ofthat ship to make out more than a coarse shape. Everything detailed would be waytoo much speculation for EAS.

Q: Why have you removed some fan-made drawings and CGI renders fromyour ship gallery?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 It is my goal to provide the most accurate available references.Regardless of their quality, I continually substitute fan-made renditions forphotos or CGI images of the "real" ships as they appeared on screen.

The alternate Enterprise in "Star Trek (2009)"
Q: The official CGI length of the new Enterprise is 725m. Why don't you accept it?
A: I wonder why it is such a big deal that I beg to disagree with official figures (note thatthere is a difference between "official" and "canon"). I have pointed out incidences ofmis-scaling many times before,and I have arrived at different figures for the BoP and the Defiant,to name only the two EAS articles that have become classics of their kind. Theship has been designed at 366m, and there are various pieces of evidence whyit should be at most 400m long.

Q: Please send me bigger orthographic views of the Malcorian warp ship, of which you show justa thumbnail on your site.
A: If I got my hands on these, be assured that I would upload themimmediately. You are mistaken if you think that bigger sideviews must exist because there are thumbnails. The latter are often just placeholdersand not smaller versions of images with a higher level of detail. Pleaseread about the Structure of the Starship Database.

Q: Why do you have so few definite figures on your site, for instanceabout weapons power?
A: As sad as it is, especially power and energy figures fromdialogues and reference books are subject to vary considerably. Sometimespower and energy are even confused with each other. If we also takevisual evidence into account, the figures will make even less sense. The dilemma is that withthis contradictory evidence we can't tell how strong a phaser beam or photontorpedo actually is, neither in the fictional universe nor in the real world. Hereand here2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 are a few general considerations.

Q: The length of the Negh'Var class on your site is wrong. It shouldbe 685m, and not 682m.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Different sources may give differing numbers. But aside fromthat, do you really think that a difference of 3m (0.4%) makes it"wrong"? It may surprisethat I, as an engineer, am not that pedantic. There are cases in which higheraccuracy is required, but starship lengths are not among them. In my view 685m equals 682m, unless I were to design a close-fittingtemperature-compensated hood for the ship.

Q: You give away all the essential plot information about episodes. Why are there no spoiler warnings?
A: The whole site is a spoiler and it wouldn't be possibleotherwise. If you don't want to be spoiled you can read hardly anything of it. Even if the rest of the site didn't reveal very much, I don't feel likemarking episode reviews with spoiler warnings. To see spoiler-free summaries youcan go to .

Q: Your links page is fine, but it doesn't refer me to the exactstuff I'm looking for on other sites. You may consider putting more direct linksto similar topics on other sites into your articles.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Sorry, but I will even further reduce the number of links to external sub-pagesbecause they have a half-life of less than a year. While it is already troublesome when websites go offline altogether or switch toanother server, webmasters who keep moving around their files and directories on the same serveror switch to a new CMS are a pain in the ass even if it isnot their intention.

Q: What are the Star Trek Fact Files?
A: The Star Trek Fact Files used to be a weeklypublication in Europe and Australia. I know of aGerman version in Germany and an English version in the UK, Australia and NewZealand. The Fact Files contain sections with general and planet information,Starfleet (ships), alien ships, characters, equipment, episodeguide and an A-Z encyclopedia. The mere facts are essentiallyidentical to the Star Trek Encyclopedias, but there aremany more images in the Fact Files and some exclusive schematics. One point of criticism is that the Fact Files are writtenon a completely fictional level like for a 24th century reader. Hence, there is not theslightest background information on actors, production history, production crew,props or visual effects. The Fact Files were first released in 1998 andwere discontinued in late 2002. After that a revised and updated version of the FactFiles was released in Japan. Read the complete review andsee the sourcesfor order information.

Q: What is Star Trek: The Magazine?
A: It was a monthly official magazine only available in North America withvarious information on all aspects of Star Trek in the form of articles,including a good deal of behind-the-scenes information, like interviews with actors and"making ofs". Star Trek: The Magazine was rather expensive, buthad more content for its price than the FactFiles. The magazine has been discontinued. Read the complete reviewand see the sources2020欧洲杯晋级队伍for order information.

Q: What is Star Trek Mechanics?
A: It was a book/magazine series in Japan. I only have #4, whichfeatures countless studio model images, almost all of which you can find in my starshipgallery. See the sources2020欧洲杯晋级队伍for order information.



Q: You're a dick for showing a "blocked.gif" image when I put yourfiles on my website or use them as my forum avatar.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 You're a dick for hotlinking, letting me pay for your traffic and not even credit me.Hotlinking is generally enabled, but I have created a blacklist for cases ofmisuse such as in your case.

See the special Abramsverse FAQ for all questions on the three movies and their detached continuity.

Q: FYI: The movie of 2009 is called just "Star Trek", not "Star Trek XI", not "StarTrek (2009)" as you keep calling it.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 I know that. It would be easy for me todistinguish "Star Trek" (the new movie), Star Trek (TOS, The OriginalSeries) and Star Trek (the franchise). But it would still cause a great deal ofconfusion among the readers. Instead of complaining about fans who prefer"Star Trek XI" over his official title "Star Trek" forexactly thisreason, J.J. Abrams should have chosen an unequivocal (and search enginefriendly!) title in the first place.I have switched from "Star Trek XI" to "Star Trek (2009)"because the movie isn't in the same continuity and the same tradition as theprevious movies.

Q: Stop calling the new timeline "Abramsverse". It's the Kelvin Timeline!
A: I know that. I use "Kelvin Timeline" for any events that happen after Nero's incursion, but I still refer to the entirety of the Abrams films as"Abramsverse". It is not possible to explain this in a few sentences so I have to refer you to the complete article on the continuity of the Abramsverse.

Q: Why do you hate the Abrams movies?
A: Read my reviews2020欧洲杯晋级队伍, rather than listening to hearsay.Abrams produced three exciting movies, but I havenumerous issues with the basic premise, with the plot logic, with the outcome, with the characterizations, with the many amendments to the technology and the set design,with general continuity, with miscarried homages, with an overdose of action,with superhero themes and with visual effects of the three movies.

See the special Star Trek Discovery FAQ for all questions about the EAS policy on the reboot series.

Q: Stop using the derogatory abbreviation "DIS" for Discovery as a part of your miserable crusade. Everyone else refers to it as "DSC"! It's official!
A: While "DSC" may be production jargon, I have settled on "DIS" for the sake of consistency. I'm not a fan of military-style all-consonant short names that are hard to pronounce. Some 20 years ago EAS already set the standard of referring to Voyager as "VOY" instead of "VGR". Memory Alpha followed my example for Voyager, and beat me to it regarding Discovery. You probably wouldn't complain that an unsuspecting site like MA too uses "DIS", would you?

Q: Something like "visual canon" never existed. Only facts are canon, aesthetics are not!
A: Wrong. Visual canon is a firmly established standard in Star Trek. In TNG: "Relics", DS9: "Trials and Tribble-ations" and ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly", the world of TOS was faithfully reconstructed, not denying its look in any way. In Star Trek, visual facts are facts on par or even more meaningful than script contents. We're talking about a TV series after all, not a radio drama or a novel! Many visuals that the makers of Discovery and, sadly, many fans discard as "purely aesthetic" have story relevance. It is not a matter of aesthetics but a canon fact that Klingons underwent some metamorphosis, as evidenced by DS9: "Trials and Tribble-ations" and ENT: "Divergence". It is canon that older Starfleet ships have tubular nacelles, and newer ones have angular or pointed ones, because this, among many other differences, visually sets apart the eras. Without a visual distinction of "humanoid" vs. "more alien" species or of "old" vs. "new" ships, Star Trek would become arbitrary, and stories wouldn't work any longer. Or stories would only work within their respective reboot universe.

Klingon ships in DIS: "The Vulcan Hello"

Q: Quit bashing the Abrams movies and Discovery. If you think you're so smart, why don'tyou launch your own TV series or produce your own movie?
A: You completely miss the point. First of all, I neverclaimed I could do a better job. I freely admit that I would be a lousydirector, screenwriter orproducer. But the people who are responsible for Star Trek are professionals. StarTrek television and movies,in strong contrast to this website, is a commercial product for which we payin some fashion. We have a right to criticize it. Wouldn't you wantyour vacuumcleaner to be fixed if it didn't work properly? Secondly, if youcomplain about me complaining about something on TV or in the theater, you either presuppose thateverything shown there is inherently terrific (very unlikely), or thatparticular series or movies are beyond criticism, or that only your opinion counts anyway. It's amatter of opinion, so please leave memine. Finally, I never force anyone to read or even to believe what I'm writing.To paraphrase your words, why don't you write your ownreviews?

Q: Your episode andmovie reviews are unfair. They focus on finding what you think areerrors. You don't recognize good drama.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 First of all, you need to take my reviews with a grain ofsalt, as you would do it with anything written by anyone else. It may be true that I pay more attention to continuity andtechnical plausibility than most other critics. But as I repeatedly state in myreviews I take the errors only into account for my rating if they reallyruin the episode (such as in VOY: "Threshold"). As my assessment ofthe drama and the resulting ratings are concerned, I don't think that theyusually deviate much from what other reviewers think about them. And a differingopinion should always be allowed. I never criticize other reviewers for theirviews.

But what is "good drama" anyway? In my view youcan't call something "good drama" that relies on silly premises or on stereotypes, even if the wording of the screenplay, the directing and acting are fine.Unlike most other online critics, I never compare Star Trek with any other TV show, and Irate it on a completely independent scale. On the other hand, I always compare anew episode with everything that has been shown on Star Trek before. We are dealing with a series, and I amsimply not forgetful enough not to notice when writers either rehash or ignore previousstories (or even do both at once!). See a more detailed explanation of my EpisodeRatings.

Q: Why are you so keen on finding errors and inconsistencies?
A: I'm not a nitpicker who keeps looking for missing rank pips, but I rather pay attention to continuityon a more general level. For instance, I would have appreciated if there had been atleast a bit of continuity to TNG when the DS9 Trills were created, if it had been decided to make NX-01 looklike a genuine 22nd century design instead of an Akira-esque travesty and ifRoberto Orci had refrained from including the totally inapt "DeltaVega" reference. And all this is certainly overshadowed by foreseeable gross mistakes like the Discovery Klingons and their ships.

Q: Why do you always bash TPTB, the writers, the Star Trek Art Department or theVFX companies for crappy work?
A: I never want to create the impression that the responsible peopleare doing bad job. I am aware that tight schedules, lack of budget, unexpected script changes and the necessary coordination of many involved people sometimesinevitably lead to compromises, to improvisation and ultimately to continuity errors - many of whichmost fans don't even notice. So even ifeveryone in the staff does their very best (and I'm sure they usually do), itcan't be 100% perfect, but only 99% or so. The Making of Star Trek2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 byStephen Whitfield is highly recommended reading in this regard. So it's not mygeneral impression, let alone a preconception that Star Trek is flawed. On thecontrary, if I didn't honor the great work of the production staff, I couldhardly be a fan of the show. Only few things such as the moronic rollercoaster sequences inside the otherwise empty USS Discovery and the Discovery-Enterprise anger me because they were willfully screwed up.

Q: Why do you always bash the Star Trek Fact Filesorthe Deep Space Nine Technical Manual for being wrong or inaccurate?
A: I wouldn't say that the secondary publications are generally wrongand everything stated there should be doubted. Some inaccurate ship schematicsin the Fact Files and silly technical specs in the DS9TM are noreason that these publications are flawed on the whole. On the contrary, theyare mostly well-researched and should be on every fan's bookshelf. Reading mysite might create the impression that I find fault with everything, but that's becauseI simply don't want to reproduce their content, so I pick the errors and try tocorrect them.Concerning their reliability and plausibility there are differences between thepublications, though. I would wish every reference manual were as well-craftedas the TNG Technical Manual.

Q: Your own ship designs are fanciless and boring, and they lookunrealistic and cheap.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 That's just your opinion. When I design a starship Ialways try to keep the shapes and dimensions technically plausible. Regarding thestyle, I just don'tlike aggressive looking warships with exotic weapons, and I would want to seethem neither in the show noron my website. Regarding the quality, I freely admit that my software as well asmy artistic skills have hit the wall and that I lack the time and patience toget into 3D design.

Q: Your English sucks.Learn it.
A: Listen, smartass. In case you haven't noticed (which would only speak in my favor),English is not my native language. Is any language you speak besides English remotely as good as my English?If yes, I can assure you that I am constantly learning and that I frequentlycorrect errors. In case this is still not enough in your view,you have to prove to me that the language on at least 90% of all websitesmaintained by native speakers is better.

Q: Your scientific analysis is lacking. You shouldn't subscribe topseudo-science and technobabble but use real science, like Lawrence Krauss, theauthor of ThePhysics of Star Trek.
A: I am well aware that the science in Star Trek is flawed. But that'sjust the nature of science fiction. At least of any science fiction with FTLdrive and aliens. It has been envisioned by authors with oftenjust high school level knowledge of science. Why should I go and over-interpretsomething that was made without any ambition to be scientifically correct? I comment on errors where I notice them, but I see no reason why wrong usage of units, figures that are way off or sloppy visual effects should require me to re-assess the meaning of Star Trek. I would like to keep my suspension of disbelief, andnot watch it with the eyes of a 21st century physics nerd who thinks that he isbetter than anyone writing science fiction. Over-interpretationor re-interpretation ultimately ruins any kind of fiction. Althoughhis book The Physics of Star Trek is definitely good reading, LawrenceKrauss is guilty of the latter. It is a thorough physics lesson, but a poor Star Trek reference. Read my review of the book and more about theRealism of Science Fiction.

Q: Some of the content on your website is incomplete, inaccurate or wrong.Other websites disagree with your findings.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Don't mistake it as arrogance,but you can be sure that I have checked various references for everylittle piece of information, including the Trek episodes themselves, Trek reference books,Memory Alpha, real-world references and discussions with other Trek fans or even with the production staff. I can always tell you how I came to myconclusion, but unless you have new proof I hope you understand that I don'tlike to rehash all the old arguments over and over.

The majority isn't always right. The information on other Trek sites may appearmore detailed or more accurate, but is often outdated, glosses over inconsistencies or contains conjecture that is not noted as such. It is the price for the approachto cover more topics or provide a better user interface than EAS - well,sometimes it may be laziness and lack of interest too. I don't claim that youhave to believe every word I'm saying, but I'm doing everything to correcterrors and keep the information up to date.

Q: You are not TPTB (The Powers That Be). So why do you try to impose your opinions onother fans?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 I often notice that other fans are very curious about my opinion, as if it were taken more seriously than other fanwork. Some few people accuse me of being dogmatic or just arrogant. This is probably because EAS does notparrot stuff published elsewhere. Iknow it sounds immodest, but EAS is the world's leading sourceof technical Star Trek information. The site presents my personal findings andthose of many contributors I rely on, thoroughly based on strictly canon information, real science,common sense and with an absolute minimum of conjecture. Nothing more and nothing less. I always know what I am talking about,and I stronglydoubt that many other fans could claim the same.

But the question is already the answer.I'm not in a position totell other people what they ought to believe, and I don't want to. I don't createanything canon. If you don't like my views, you don't have to listen. If you think I'm wrong, you may always goand prove it. You will notice that I don't simply rejectyour arguments if they are valid. I incorporate visitor comments to myarticles every few days.

Ihope I could make my point clear. BTW, even TPTB shouldn't be allowed to exerttotal control. Star Trek?may be the property of CBS and Paramount, butultimately Star Trekbelongs to us, the fans.

Q: It's only a show. Get a life!
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Okay, William Shatneronce said that, but he only quoted a truism among people who justdon't (want to) know Trek or merely see it as a weekly dose of mindless entertainment. Star Trek fans will lack socialacceptance as long as the prejudice about them being overweight male teenage computernerds in their parents' basement is further disseminated.No one would say "Get a life!" tosomeone who is interested in rock music, racing cars or most obviously sports,pastimes that are all commonly rated as "adult", "cool" or at least "acceptable". If you don'tlike what I'm doing, give me real reasons or shut up. Betolerant. I don't insult you because of your dedicationto a hobby either.



Q: What is "canon" exactly?
A: You may read my extensive write-up about Canon.In brief, I always try to stick to the following widespread definition.

2020欧洲杯晋级队伍Technically, canon is what writers should pay attention to in themaking of new Star Trek episodes. Everything that was shown in a liveaction episode or movie is canon. Anything physically impossible in the shows like the78 decks of the Enterprise-A is still canon. Yet, we don't haveto buy everything and make up twisted explanations where logic and common sensefail. For instance, Discovery's all-new Klingons are absolutely irreconcilable with the rest of Star Trek. Official publications by Denise and Michael Okuda, Rick Sternbach, Herman Zimmerman, Doug Drexler or other people directlyinvolved in the production are not canon themselves, but they reflect canonfacts. Even if these books are supplemented with "apocryphal" names, dates or specs not mentioned in the show, thismay be practical to limit the room for speculation.

Finally, there is the huge category oflicensed and fan fiction, all of which is non-canon, including all novels, games, RPGsand fan-made web pages. It is obvious that no one could ever reconcile all these additionalcontradictory facts. Even the novels and games authorized by CBS/Paramount arenon-canon, considering that "authorized" merely means that a licenseis given to another party which doesn't oblige CBS/Paramount to anything. Forinstance, although many fans accept that the "Insurrection" scout shipwas (imprudently) christened "Venture class" in a game, it will never go bythis name in an official publication.

Q: Why don't you distinguish better what is canon information andwhat was made up by you?
A: Actually, I wouldn't know how to draw the line still clearer than italready is. All information on this website is strictly based on canon facts,and speculation is limited to very obvious conclusions and always explicitlymarked as such - please note the systematic use of the subjunctive, of "could, would,might be" and little words like "if" or "perhaps".Unlike it is the customary on most other websites and especially many databanks Idon't make up any information about ships and technology, even if this leaveswide gaps in my lists and charts. Please check if seemingly more completedatabanks in the web don't possibly use lots of non-canon information. The Starfleet Museum, the ASDB, the JoAT and the EAS FleetYards are fan fiction, which I hope becomes clear at the first glance.

Q: Why don't you list the ships in the game ABC or the book XYZ asofficial designs? They are authorized by CBS/Paramount.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 All games, all novels and essentially all non-fiction books have to beregarded as non-canon, no matter if authorized by CBS/Paramount ornot. Once again, please note that "authorized by CBS/Paramount" meansnothing more than that the game or book company is allowed to use the brand name"Star Trek". CBS/Paramount has no obligation to adopt anything publishedthis way for the TV series. On the contrary, they avoid involving anything thatwas not created by them or one of their contractors for the show as otherwisethey might have to pay royalties!

Q: What about the Abramsverse or Kelvin Timeline? Is it fully canon?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 Principally, yes. At least as far as I have to accept the producers' stance that it is supposed to be a canon Trek movie thathappens to take place in a parallel universe (or in a new universe replacing the old one, as this is definitely open to interpretation). Ihave reservations though. Many events and other facts in the movie are inconsistent with established canonregardless of the parallel universe premise. I may decide to give the old Trek (5 series, 10 movies) precedence over the rebooted Trek. Forthe time being, the new Abramsverse will remain in confinement, meaning that facts will be accordingly tagged, in a similar fashion as with TAS.

Q: Is Star Trek Discovery fully canon in your view?
A: Officially, yes. And EAS respects the official status of Discovery as a canon Star Trek series. But there are huge problems to integrate Discovery because the visuals (Klingons!) and many other facts from the series contradict what has been established before. In the case of Discovery, the continuity issues are even worse than those with the Abrams movies, considering that Discovery supposedly is set in the Prime Universe, just a few years before Kirk takes command of the Enterprise. In cases of conflicts, I will give the existing Star Trek precedence, and I will not try to blend in Discovery with far-fetched explanations, unless these are hinted at in the stories themselves. Read my article on The Continuities of Star Trek.

TAS cast
Q: Why don't you take into account The Animated Series (TAS) as fullycanon?
A: So far EAS strictly complied with TPTB's stance that TAS wasnon-canon. The official canon policy waspurportedly amended in 2006. Yet, TAS hasremained largely isolated2020欧洲杯晋级队伍, and some facts will remain irreconcilable withthe five live-action series. Especially due its nature as a show conceived forchildren and the often lacking quality of the production it often even doesn'tallow to apply the same criteria. It gives TAS a different, usually lower weightthan the live-action series in my view. These are the reasons why TAS will remain in a "proto-canon"limbo at EAS. It will graduallyappear in side notes and in separate sections, but evidence from live-actionTrek will generally supersede accounts from TAS. As soon as a new Star Trek seriesheavily references events from TAS and hence TAS fulfills the criterion of beinglinked with everything else as outlined at startrek.com, I may reconsider this solution. In any case the TAS policy at EAS ismainly a technical necessity, not primarily a decision because of my opinion of theseries.

Q: But there were references to Franz Joseph's Star Trek Technical Manual in canon Star Trek.
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 If canon Star Trek shows Franz Joseph(even FASA) ship designs, this doesn't mean that they are all canon too. Sincethey are otherwise largely ignored and contradicted by TPTB, theycan be best described as non-canon unless otherwise stated.

Q: But didn't Gene decanonize "Star Trek V" and "StarTrek VI" as well?
A:2020欧洲杯晋级队伍 He may have meant it this way. However, unlike TAS the two movies are necessary for theoverall Trek continuity. They are canon. As such, the events in "Star Trek V"may have andshould have been as presented, but we don't have to believe that there was ajourney to the center of the galaxy or that the Enterprise-A had 78 decks.

Q: Why are you so strict about "canonicity" anyway?
A: There are people who accept only canon - because theyknow the Okudas' Encyclopedia by heart or because they just refuse to seethat Trek can be anything else.On the other hand,there is the kind who stir up canon and fandom at will - because they either don't know that much and believe anything they see or reador because they don't want their creativity be limited by TPTB. I know lots of either type of fans and any shade in between.

Onetypical situation is that some people on a message board explicitly talk about the number of nacelles on canon starships and someone throws in that the Federationclass and Saladin class (from Franz Joseph's Star Fleet Technical Manual)are odd-nacelled. The result is a fruitless discussion about the term "canon", about the value ofcanon, about the authority of Roddenberry, Okuda, CBS/Paramount or Pocket Books, about bookswhich should be considered canon because they are written by Jeri Taylor, about Colonel West and the Starfleet Marines, and so on.

Since I'm tired of such discussions,I go with TPTB and agree with their definition of canon, while I encourage anyone toinclude whatever he likes to his own view of the Star Trek Universe. That's what I'm doing with my personal ship designs, the ASDB and theStarfleet Museum too. I would never want to miss the fan-made stuff because it really enriches the universe, no matter if I "believe" init. I probablycan't help those who don't even want to see anything that was not released by Paramount or the other extreme group, those whodon't care about the idea of Star Trek and are turning Starfleet into a militaryorganization with big-gunned warships. For anyone in between, canon is a commonground. At least, it was the common ground until Discovery came along and suddenly claimed that only writing matters and that production design is completely arbitrary.

Q: Your page on canonis a total waste, because it is not up to you to decide what is canon.
A: If you care to readthe frakking page, you will notice that I discuss the issue because the people who are expected to decide what is canondon't always agree or don't even care.


See Also

Abramsverse FAQ - all questions concerning the new continuity

Star Trek Discovery FAQ - all questions about the policy on the new series